Earth Sensing for Situational Awareness

Hashtags: #earth, #earthsensing, #earthobserviz, #earthrightnow, #aircheck, #earthlive

Tags: data visualization, imagery, model, platform

Background:

Combined Earth observations can inform travelers of upcoming delays and hazards; inform environmental and space scientists of improved collection methods for remote sensing; support research scientists in understanding correlations of various Earth events; allow communities to understand air quality assessments and how it has affected their communities over time; help aid organizations in understanding historical, current, and future implications of geological events, such as landslides, floods, droughts, and storms; and many more potential uses.

NASA has a variety of Earth observations that are publically available that can allow for enhancing existing weather or mapping applications.  Additionally, NASA provides a large amount of Earth observation data in near real-time, for example, temperature, precipitation, clouds, ozone, Sulphur dioxide, snow cover, and wildfires.  Other sites provide real-time aircraft and satellite tracking.  Combining this information can put data into context to allow scientists, travelers, students, pilots, and communities to better understand previous events, current situational assessments, and planning for potential hazards.  

 

Challenge:

This challenge is an agglomeration of previous challenges, wrapped up into a one-stop-shop of Earth observation information to assist in understanding previous events, current situational assessments, and planning for potential hazards.  The app’s main users could be space scientists, Earth scientists, travelers, air traffic specialists, pilots, and students.

 

This challenge consists of three parts:

  • Combine Earth observations into a 3D globe with the possibility to display that information on a 2D map inset. Observations may include imagery, wind, pressure, wave height, thermal, UV levels, cloud information (height, type, etc.), relative humidity, air quality index (AQI), volcanic plumes, dust storms, dust clouds, fires, landslides, floods, droughts, terrain change, gravity fields, significant storms or other Earth observation data on a 3D globe right in your web browser or application. Information can be from NASA, NOAA, crowd-sourced information, weather stations, or any other sources.

  • Combine live flight information, so travelers, pilots, air traffic personnel can see in real-time potential hazards affecting air travel.

  • Combine live satellite orbiting information, so users can see when the last satellite pass has observed a specific area and when it may potentially observe again. This can include multiple orbit regimes, such as LEO and GEO.

 

Considerations:

  • HINT: Many open-source tools are out there to support this effort, including past NASA Space App Challenges.

  • Earth Observation Data:

    • The app should allow users to: input the coordinates or use user geo-located coordinates on Earth to extract local data values onto a 3D terrain map; retrieve Earth observation data in near real-time; visualize Earth observation data globally and locally (e.g. zoom); include historical observations for the users to see past significant events, include location max, min, and average values of conditions; and provide an interactive globe or map with data visualization layers.

    • Auto-identify countries, cities, states, rivers, and other features in the map.

    • Include observations not just at ground or top of the atmosphere, but at all aspects of the atmosphere.

    • If travelers do not have access to internet, allow the app to be downloaded and used off-line. Once the user is back on-line, the user may help improve the app information by uploading information observed to a database. This might include the location, time the data were collected, descriptions, and other metadata.  When the user has network access, the app could allow the user to interact with the existing map user interface to select imagery that can be downloaded and cached for offline use; provide map information within a certain spatial extent; and/or let people gather and record data that can be uploaded to a database afterwards, ideally as a layer on the map.

    • Option to include prediction-modeling overlay, such as where the storms will track, air pollution warnings, etc.  

  • Aircraft Data:

    • Show all aircraft flights with visualized flight information (altitude, speed, etc.)

    • Provide baseball card style statistics on individual flight information

    • Using the locator on the mobile device and various airport locations, the app should convey the expected weather conditions to the nearest possible time of departure. Based on flight safety rules, the app should predict whether the flight will take off on time or be delayed.

  • Satellite Data:

    • Show the trajectory of satellites in real time and allow for historical track display

    • Show aggregate and individual satellite tracks and data

    • Provide baseball card style statistics on individual satellites linking it to their data


 

Resources:

Resource Type

URL

Notes

Mapping

NASA Codes for Various Projects

https://code.nasa.gov/#/

Various codes that may be helpful in the project

NASA Earth Data in Google Maps

https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/GIBS/

https://github.com/nasa-gibs/onearth

https://github.com/nasa-gibs/gibs-web-examples

 

https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/GIBS/GIBS+Available+Imagery+Products

 

https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/GIBS/GIBS+Access+Methods

Uses Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS)

 

NASA Earth Data Resources, Formats, and Tools

https://earthdata.nasa.gov/user-resources/standards-and-references

https://earthdata.nasa.gov/earth-observation-data/tools

 

The data format is not always the same across all NASA Earth data products, though HDF is one of the more common formats.  Second link has a list of tools available.

NASA Processed Data Information

http://science.nasa.gov/earth-science/earth-science-data/data-processing-levels-for-eosdis-data-products/

If you’re trying to insert data values into a database, we suggest starting with Level 3 data products as they are usually gridded and available globally.

Google Earth Maps

www.skyvector.com

Mobile device GPS locator

USGS 3D Maps

http://nationalmap.gov/

 

ArcGIS

http://www.esri.com/

http://ags.servirlabs.net/arcgis/rest/services

Check out ArcGIS Online.

Maps from Balloon and Kite Photography

http://publiclab.org/archive 

 

Earth Observation Resources

NASA World View

https://earthdata.nasa.gov/worldview

https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/ 

 

NASA Visible Earth

http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/

 

NASA Earth Observations

https://earthdata.nasa.gov/data/near-real-time-data

http://eyes.jpl.nasa.gov/eyes-on-the-earth.html

http://pps.gsfc.nasa.gov

http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/

http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/publications_dir/potential_landslide.html

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/Grace/

http://eonet.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/

http://climateserv.nsstc.nasa.gov

https://www.asf.alaska.edu/sea-ice/

http://nsidc.org/

https://www.asf.alaska.edu/

Precipitation, landslides, elevation data, gravity, natural disaster tracker, sea, ice,

USGS Maps

http://glovis.usgs.gov/

 

ESA Observation Data

https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/home

 http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/GOCE

http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/The_Living_Planet_Programme/Earth_Explorers/Swarm

https://sentinel.esa.int/web/sentinel/sentinel-data-access

Includes a variety of observations, including gravity, magnetic fields

MODIS, MISR, OMI, and CALIPSO Data

http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/

http://modis-atmos.gsfc.nasa.gov/products.html

http://modis-land.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 

http://www-misr.jpl.nasa.gov/getData/accessData/

http://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/Aura/data-holdings/OMI

https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/project/calipso/calipso

MODIS and MISR for fires and pollution outbreaks; Models – HYSPLIT for trajectory predictions, GEOS-Chem (Stratospheric intrusions), NRL-NAAPS, SmartFire Secondary Data; and CALIPSO, OMI for vertical resolution and volcanic eruptions.

NCAR Hysplit

http://www.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT_info.php

HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory

GEOS-Chem

http://geos-chem.org/

3-D chemical transport algorithm

NRL-NAAPS

http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/aerosol/

Navy Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System

EPA Toxics Release Inventory

http://www2.epa.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-program/tri-basic-data-files-calendar-years-1987-2012

 

Plant Observations

http://budburst.org/data

 

NOAA NDC

http://www.noaa.gov/

http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/webservices/

http://graphical.weather.gov/xml/

http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/

Data access, National Data Buoy Center

Bird Observations

http://ebird.org/content/ebird/ 

 

Various (bird, bugs, animals, etc.) Observations

https://www.inaturalist.org

http://www.gbif.org/dataset/50c9509d-22c7-4a22-a47d-8c48425ef4a7

https://github.com/inaturalist

 

Blue Sky Air Quality

http://www.getbluesky.org/smartfire/dataviewer/index.cfm

 

Earth Wind Speeds

http://earth.nullschool.net/

 

SERVIR Products

https://www.servirglobal.net

 

Open Weather Map

http://openweathermap.org/api

Various maps with APIs

Canadian Weather Forecasts

http://www.weatheroffice.gc.ca

 

European Weather Forecasts

http://www.ecmwf.int/

 

Japan Weather Forecasts

http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/index.html

 

Aviation/Aircraft Resources

Aviation Weather Data

http://www.aviationweather.gov

 

FAA

http://services.faa.gov/docs/services/airport/

https://www.faa.gov/nextgen/programs/weather/csswx/webservices/

Airport status and delay information; FAA web-based weather services

NOAA Aviation Weather Center

http://www.aviationweather.gov/

 

Article on Weather Effects on Aviation

https://climate.dot.gov/documents/workshop1002/kulesa.pdf

 

METAR

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/METAR

 

Live/Historical Aviation Tracking

https://www.flightradar24.com/

http://flightwise.com/flighttracking/

https://flightaware.com/live/

https://planefinder.net/

 

Satellite Resources

Satellite Tracking

http://www.n2yo.com/

http://www.satview.org/

http://www.satflare.com/track.asp#TOP

 

Tracking Information

https://www.space-track.org/documentation#/tle

https://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/elements/

Two-line Element: a data format used to convey sets of orbital elements that describe the orbits of Earth-orbiting satellites. A computer program called a model can use the TLE to compute the position of a satellite at a particular time.

 

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